- 27 July 2023
Systemd timers are a great way to replace cron jobs. They are more flexible and can have dependencies that can defined in easy statements instead of creating a script to check for the dependency. One of the use-cases is to use systemd timers to create PostgreSQL backups and remove old backups. In this example, we will create a backup of two databases, db1 and db2, and remove backups older than 10 days.
First step is to install PostgreSQL on the system. This example is for Debian or Ubuntu and uses the root user to connect to the database. It is recommended to create a user with limited privileges to connect to the database.
- 08 September 2017
Disk space seems endless, until you run out and/or have to pay the bill. The question is how to find tables with a high disk storage usage and with the query below it shows the table and index size, but also the size of TOAST data for PostgreSQL.
After running this query on the development schema and exporting the results to CSV, we can see that a ManyToMany table consumes a total of 39 MB. With over 330.000 entries this seems numbers seem to be fine as the table size is in line with the amount of data stored in it.
- 28 January 2015
Installing and configuring SSL certificates is always an issue as to how to create them and where to store them. Most of the time people can find the procedure on how to create them, but they forget all the places where they have placed them. Some initiatives exist to have centralized key stores on systems, but getting applications to use them is still a problem.
Also on Debian is this an issue and key material is all over the system if youre not careful. Some Debian developers tried to fix it, but it ended in a “stalemate” and for now, an additional package called
ssl-cert exists to create self-signed certificates. This package also provides a structure for storing commercial certificates and accessing them in a safer way. We install the package
ssl-cert for this.
- 04 April 2013
Sometimes you have a system with legacy naming standards, but you really want to switch over to the new standard to keep all the scripting clean without some exceptions no one is going to remember in 12 months. Oracle had the command ALTER DATABASE, but since Oracle 10 you need to take the database offline and do some magic. MySQL got the RENAME DATABASE option with release 5.1.7 and lost the option again with release 5.1.23 as it was eating data.
Luckily PostgreSQL still has the command ALTER DATABASE so let’s rename a database and the owner. Before we start we need the password and then we need to log in as the PostgreSQL superuser
postgres or another account with similar privileges. So first we check the database name and owner.